前端Nginx,后端Apache获取用户真实IP地址

    Internet -> Nginx -> Apache

    最近在将Apache-2.2和Apache-2.4添加到《lnmp一键安装包》中,Nginx作为前端,Apache作为后端的情况下,Apache只能获取到Nginx前端的ip地址(127.0.0.1),而无法获取到用户的真实ip地址,在这种情况下,后端是Apache如何获取用户真实IP地址?

    Nginx配置如下:

    location / {
            try_files $uri @apache;
            }
    
    location @apache {
            internal;
            proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;
            include proxy.conf;
            }
    
    location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$  {
            proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;
            include proxy.conf;
            }
    proxy_connect_timeout 300s;
    proxy_send_timeout 900;
    proxy_read_timeout 900;
    proxy_buffer_size 32k;
    proxy_buffers 4 64k;
    proxy_busy_buffers_size 128k;
    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_hide_header Vary;
    proxy_set_header Accept-Encoding '';
    proxy_set_header Referer $http_referer;
    proxy_set_header Cookie $http_cookie;
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

    获取真实IP地址有Apache有2个模块:
    mod_rpafApache-2.2支持;Apache-2.4不支持。网上教程很多
    mod_remoteipApache-2.4自带模块;Apache-2.2支持;推荐

    Apache-2.2.25
    mod_rpaf模块

    wget http://stderr.net/apache/rpaf/download/mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz
    tar -xzvf mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz
    cd mod_rpaf-0.6/
    /usr/local/apache/bin/apxs  -i -c -n mod_rpaf-2.0.slo mod_rpaf-2.0.c

    添加Apache配置

    vi  /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
    Include conf/extra/httpd-rpaf.conf

    vi /usr/local/apache/conf/extra/httpd-rpaf.conf

    LoadModule rpaf_module        modules/mod_rpaf-2.0.so
    RPAFenable On
    RPAFsethostname On
    RPAFproxy_ips 127.0.0.1 10.8.0.110 # 代理服务器的ip地址(记得做相应修改)
    RPAFheader X-Forwarded-For

    备注:RPAFproxy_ips后面添加代理服务器的ip地址,有几个填几个
    测试

    # /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -t
    # /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl restart
    # 看日志
    

    mod_remoteip
    Apache-2.2下配置mod_remoteip如下:
    安装

    wget https://github.com/ttkzw/mod_remoteip-httpd22/raw/master/mod_remoteip.c
    /usr/local/apache/bin/apxs -i -c -n mod_remoteip.so mod_remoteip.c

    修改配置文件:

    vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
    Include conf/extra/httpd-remoteip.conf
    vi /usr/local/apache/conf/extra/httpd-remoteip.conf
    LoadModule remoteip_module modules/mod_remoteip.so
    RemoteIPHeader X-Forwarded-For
    RemoteIPInternalProxy 127.0.0.1
    

    测试:

    # /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -t
    # /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl restart
    # 看日志

    Apache-2.4配置mod_remoteip除了上面(自带mod_remoteip模块不需要安装),还需要修改日志格式(折腾很久)

    LogFormat "%h %a %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %a %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedi

    在日志格式中加上%a

    Thu Nov 7 16:41:26 CST 2013
    • 本文由 发表于 2013-11-07
    • 转载请务必保留本文链接:https://linuxeye.com/378.html
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